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[Journal of Anthropological Archaeology -61.]Sampling Issues in Evaluations of Diet and Diversity: Lessons from Diablo Canyon. [In Human and Marine Ecosystems: Archaeological and Historical Ecology of Northern Pacific Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters, edited by T. Report on the Vertebrate Fauna from CA-STA-207, Central Diablo Range, Stanislaus County, California: Evidence for an Upland Adaptation with Long-Term Stability in the Central Diablo Range (SCA Proceedings - PDF]. [In Exploring Methods of Faunal Analysis: Perspectives from California Archaeology, edited by Michael A. Another Trans-Holocene Sequence from Diablo Canyon: New Faunal and Radiocarbon Findings from CA-SLO-585, San Luis Obispo County, California. However, we do not even know the number of kings for all periods, and there is also the possibility that reigns overlapped by coregency or in times of political disunity.For their own religious and administrative purposes, the Egyptians compiled lists of kings, sometimes with the exact length of reign.Kinglists in Greek, apparently compiled by a third century BC Egyptian priest named Manetho, are preserved in summaries by early Christian writers, with excerpts in other writers of the Roman Period and later, notably the Jewish historian Josephus.Artefacts often have a distinctive style or design, which developed over a period of time.
Without the ability to date archaeological sites and specific contexts within them, archaeologists would be unable to study cultural change and continuity over time.
Chronometric dating techniques produce a specific chronological date or date range for some event in the past. Relative dating techniques, on the other hand, provide only the relative order in which events took place.
For example, the results of dendrochronology (tree-ring) analysis may tell us that a particular roof beam was from a tree chopped down in A. For example, the stratum, or layer, in which an artifact is found in an ancient structure may make it clear that the artifact was deposited sometime after people stopped living in the structure but before the roof collapsed.
No wonder, then, that so much effort has been devoted to developing increasingly sophisticated and precise methods for determining when events happened in the past.
In archaeology, dating techniques fall into two broad categories: chronometric (sometimes called “absolute”) and relative.